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Turfgrass Tech Sheet

Tifway 419 Bermudagrass

Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt Davy × Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

Shade & Tolerance
1 1 out of 10
Drought & Tolerance
7 7 out of 10
Traffic Wear & Tear Tolerance
7 7 out of 10
Maintenance Level
(Time + Dollars)
9 9 out of 10

Description

For more than 50 years (until the release of new, improved hybrid Bermuda TifTuf®), Tifway provided unmatched quality and performance. Tifway is a fine textured, light green, sterile hybrid. Tifway spreads by above ground runners (stolons) and below ground rhizomes to form a dense turf.

Uses

Tifway performs well in residential and commercial landscapes, golf course fairways and tees, sports fields as well as public and private parks and recreational sites.

Adaptability

Tifway is most successful in the typical Bermudagrass areas of the lower transition zone and the Deep South.

Adaptability Zones

Zones 7b to 11a on the 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map or Zones 1-2 on the Turfgrass Hardiness Map.

Dormancy

Tifway is a warm-season grass that grows best in hot climates. In the upper south, after first frost, it will start to go dormant for the winter.

Shade Tolerance

Tifway performs best in full sun.

Drought Tolerance & Water Management

Tifway survives drought conditions by going dormant, then greens up at the first exposure to moisture. Tifway does not like poorly drained soils especially where water may stand for several days. Optimum water management, as with any grass, is dependent on soil physical characteristics and climate. In general, Tifway will require 1” of water per week.

Weed Tolerance

A well-maintained, vigorous Tifway lawn with good turf density will inhibit weed establishment, but to be sure, use of a pre-emergent herbicide (recommended for use on Bermuda lawns on the label) is recommended in the spring and fall. Tifway is tolerant to most herbicides, but carefully read and follow all herbicide product labels.

Insect Tolerance

Susceptible to the typical Bermudagrass insect pests. Recovers well with proper insect control.

Disease Resistance

Diseases are a minor problem with Tifway when fertility is managed correctly. We recommend annual spring compost topdressing with our Soil3 organic compost to minimize disease impact (more info at soil3.com) and help control thatch.

Traffic & Wear Tolerance

Tifway tolerates wear and traffic from activities such as football, soccer, baseball, and golf. Because of its rapid growth rate, when managed properly, recovery is normally faster than other warm season grasses with the same amount of wear.

Fertility

For best appearance, Tifway’s fertilizer requirements are among the highest. Apply between 4 and 6 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet annually, during the growing season. Select a fertilizer that is labeled for use on Bermudagrass lawns. Do not apply fertilizer to wet turf to avoid burning. Too much fertility will result in a thatchy and unhealthy lawn. Always fertilize based on a soil test. Don’t use high nitrogen “winterizers” in the fall. Compost topdressing with Soil3 and aerating in the spring, after spring green up, can supply one of Tifway’s fertilizer applications for the year. The practice of compost topdressing with Soil3 is true organic lawn care.

Soil pH

Bermuda thrives on a neutral to alkaline soil with a pH range of 6 to 7. Do not apply lime to Bermuda without a soil test.

Mowing Height

Maintain cutting height of 0.5-2 inches. Mowing may be required on a 3 to 6 day interval. Mow no more than 1/3 of the leaf off at one mowing. Use sharp mower blades. Can be mowed with rotary mowers or Automower robotic lawn mowers.

Establishment

Tifway boasts aggressive establishment from sod during the growing season, yet Tifway sod can be laid all year long, even when dormant. Complete sod establishment instructions are on our website. Tifway is not available from seed.